Examining patterns of association with defensive information processing about colorectal cancer screening

Amy McQueen, Paul R. Swank, Sally W. Vernon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

To reduce negative psychological affect from information or behavior that is inconsistent with one's positive self-concept, individuals use a variety of defensive strategies. It is unknown whether correlates differ across defenses. We examined correlates of four levels of defensive information processing about colorectal cancer screening. Cross-sectional surveys were completed by a convenience sample of 287 adults aged 50-75 years. Defenses measures were more consistently associated with individual differences (especially avoidant coping styles); however, situational variables involving health-care providers also were important. Future research should examine changes in defenses after risk communication and their relative impact on colorectal cancer screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1443-1458
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2014

Keywords

  • attitude
  • colorectal cancer neoplasms
  • coping behavior
  • defense mechanisms
  • mass screening

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