Exact broadband excitation of two-level systems by mapping spins to springs

Jr Shin Li, Justin Ruths, Steffen J. Glaser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Designing accurate and high-fidelity broadband pulses is an essential component in conducting quantum experiments across fields from protein spectroscopy to quantum optics. However, constructing exact and analytic broadband pulses remains unsolved due to the nonlinearity and complexity of the underlying spin system dynamics. Here, we present a nontrivial dynamic connection between nonlinear spin and linear spring systems and show the surprising result that such nonlinear and complex pulse design problems are equivalent to designing controls to steer linear harmonic oscillators under optimal forcing. We derive analytic broadband π/2 and π pulses that perform exact, or asymptotically exact, excitation and inversion over a defined bandwidth, and also with bounded amplitude. This development opens up avenues for pulse sequence design and lays a foundation for understanding the control of two-level systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number446
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017


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