Purpose: The endovascular technique has revolutionized the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). At our institution, we examined the impact of an endovascular program on the traditional operative training of the vascular fellows in the treatment of infrarenal AAA. Methods: We examined the records of our vascular fellows' experience from July 1995 to May 2000. We introduced the endovascular treatment for infrarenal AAA in 1995. Results: The fellows have performed increasing numbers of endovascular cases each year, with a predicted number of 124 cases for 1999-2000. However, despite an increase in the overall volume of patients with infrarenal AAA (102 cases in 1998-1999 and a predicted 160 cases in 1999-2000), the trainees will experience a reduction in the number of open AAAs from 61 cases in 1998-1999 to a predicted 36 cases in 1999-2000. However, the volume of open suprarenal AAA has also increased from eight cases in 1998 to 1999 to a predicted 24 cases in 1999-2000. With no significant change in the open aortoiliac occlusive cases from previous years, the current fellows will graduate with a similar volume of open aortic procedures as their predecessors. Conclusion: With the recent advances in endovascular technology, our traditional operative approach to the treatment of AAA disease may be lacking in the training of future vascular surgeons. At our institution, although fewer open infrarenal AAA cases were performed, the trainees have maintained the open aortic experience by performing an increased volume of suprarenal AAAs. We have to critically reevaluate and redefine what constitutes adequate vascular fellow experience in the surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms.