Evolution of intestinal apolipoprotein B mRNA editing. Chicken apolipoprotein B mRNA is not edited, but chicken enterocytes contain in vitro editing enhancement factor(s)

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Abstract

Mammalian intestinal apolipoprotein B (apoB) messenger RNA (mRNA) undergoes posttranscriptional editing, changing codon 2153 from CAA in apoB100 mRNA to an in-frame translational stop codon (UAA) in apoB48 mRNA. By contrast, chicken intestinal apoB cDNA contains a CAA codon at the corresponding site and apoB mRNA from chicken enterocytes, kidney, and liver is unedited. The cDNA sequence of chicken apoB spanning the edited base is divergent from mammalian apoB cDNA sequence, with 70% homology over the conserved 29-nucleotide sequence (6662-6690) flanking codon 2153. Efficient in vitro editing of both human and rat, but not chicken, synthetic apoB RNA was achieved using rat enterocyte S-100 extracts. By contrast, chicken enterocyte S-100 extracts failed to edit chicken, rat, or human synthetic apoB RNA. Mixing experiments, however, revealed that chicken enterocyte S-100 extracts enhance the in vitro editing activity of rat, pig, and human enterocyte S-100 extracts upon homologous RNAs. The editing enhancement activity of chicken enterocyte S-100 extracts is tissue-specific, heat- sensitive, substrate-saturable, and sensitive to proteinase K, but resistant to micrococcal nuclease. The activity was partially purified by Q-Sepharose chromatography and has an average molecular mass of 49 kDa when analyzed by gel filtration chromatography. We conclude that the evolutionary adaptation of intestinal apoB mRNA editing requires both a requisite RNA motif and tissue-specific factors which mediate the site-specific modification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21265-21272
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number29
StatePublished - 1992

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