Evidence for Genetic Influences on Personality From Self-Reports and Informant Ratings

A. C. Heath, M. C. Neale, R. C. Kessler, L. J. Eaves, K. S. Kendler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


Self-report data on Extraversion (E) and Neuroticism (N), together with ratings by the co-twin, were obtained from a sample of 826 adult female twin pairs ascertained through a population-based twin register. Data were analyzed using a model that allowed for the contributions to personality ratings of the rater's personality (rater bias) as well as of the personality of the person being rated. For E, but not for N, significant rater bias was found, with extraverted respondents tending to underestimate, and introverted respondents tending to overestimate, the Extraversion of their co-twins. Good agreement between self-reports and ratings by the respondent's co-twin was found for both E and N. Substantial genetic influences were found for both personality traits, confirming findings from genetic studies of personality that have relied only on self-reports of respondents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-96
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1992


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