Evidence-Based Medicine for Lower Facial Rejuvenation

Robert T. Cristel, Gregory H. Branham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Lower facial rejuvenation is an expanding area in facial plastic surgery with both surgical and nonsurgical treatment options. Evidence-based medicine is essential to providing high-quality care and creating long-lasting results. A systematic approach and understanding of the layers of the aging lower face is important to develop an individualized treatment plan. This review will focus on surgical and nonsurgical treatments for the aging lower face with an emphasis on evidence-based medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
JournalFacial Plastic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 10 2023


  • facelift
  • facial rejuvenation
  • lower face
  • nonsurgical facial rejuvenation


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