Evidence-based intervention in physical activity: Lessons from around the world

Gregory W. Heath, Diana C. Parra, Olga L. Sarmiento, Lars Bo Andersen, Neville Owen, Shifalika Goenka, Felipe Montes, Ross C. Brownson, Jasem R. Alkandari, Adrian E. Bauman, Steven N. Blair, Fiona C. Bull, Cora L. Craig, Ulf Ekelund, Regina Guthold, Pedro C. Hallal, William L. Haskell, Shigeru Inoue, Sonja Kahlmeier, Peter T. KatzmarzykHarold W. Kohl, Estelle Victoria Lambert, I. Min Lee, Grit Leetongin, Felipe Lobelo, Ruth J.F. Loos, Bess Marcus, Brian W. Martin, Michael Pratt, Pekka Puska, David Ogilvie, Rodrigo S. Reis, James F. Sallis, Jonathan C. Wells

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

696 Scopus citations

Abstract

Promotion of physical activity is a priority for health agencies. We searched for reviews of physical activity interventions, published between 2000 and 2011, and identified effective, promising, or emerging interventions from around the world. The informational approaches of community-wide and mass media campaigns, and short physical activity messages targeting key community sites are recommended. Behavioural and social approaches are effective, introducing social support for physical activity within communities and worksites, and school-based strategies that encompass physical education, classroom activities, after-school sports, and active transport. Recommended environmental and policy approaches include creation and improvement of access to places for physical activity with informational outreach activities, community-scale and street-scale urban design and land use, active transport policy and practices, and community-wide policies and planning. Thus, many approaches lead to acceptable increases in physical activity among people of various ages, and from different social groups, countries, and communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-281
Number of pages10
JournalThe Lancet
Volume380
Issue number9838
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

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