Evidence accumulation relates to perceptual consciousness and monitoring

Michael Pereira, Pierre Megevand, Mi Xue Tan, Wenwen Chang, Shuo Wang, Ali Rezai, Margitta Seeck, Marco Corniola, Shahan Momjian, Fosco Bernasconi, Olaf Blanke, Nathan Faivre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A fundamental scientific question concerns the neural basis of perceptual consciousness and perceptual monitoring resulting from the processing of sensory events. Although recent studies identified neurons reflecting stimulus visibility, their functional role remains unknown. Here, we show that perceptual consciousness and monitoring involve evidence accumulation. We recorded single-neuron activity in a participant with a microelectrode in the posterior parietal cortex, while they detected vibrotactile stimuli around detection threshold and provided confidence estimates. We find that detected stimuli elicited neuronal responses resembling evidence accumulation during decision-making, irrespective of motor confounds or task demands. We generalize these findings in healthy volunteers using electroencephalography. Behavioral and neural responses are reproduced with a computational model considering a stimulus as detected if accumulated evidence reaches a bound, and confidence as the distance between maximal evidence and that bound. We conclude that gradual changes in neuronal dynamics during evidence accumulation relates to perceptual consciousness and perceptual monitoring in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3261
JournalNature communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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