Radioimmunotherapies with monoclonal antibodies to the B-lymphocyte antigen 20 (CD20) are effective treatments for B-cell lymphomas, but U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved radioimmunotherapies exclusively use radiolabeled murine antibodies, potentially limiting redosing. The Food and Drug Administration recently approved 2 unlabeled anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, obinutuzumab and ofatumumab, termed next generation as they are humanized (obinutuzumab) or fully human (ofatumumab), thus potentially allowing a greater potential for redosing than with previous-generation anti-CD20 antibodies, including rituximab (chimeric) and tositumomab (murine), which contain more murine peptide sequences. We prepared 89Zr-ofatumumab and 89Zr-obinituzumab and assessed their tumor targeting by PET/CT imaging and their biodistribution in a preclinical mouse model with CD20 xenografts to determine whether these antibodies have potential as theranostics or for radioimmunotherapy. Methods: Obinutuzumab, ofatumumab, rituximab, tositumomab, and human IgG (as control) were radiolabeled with 89Zr. Raji Burkitt lymphoma xenografts were established in severe combined immunodeficient mice. Mice with palpable tumors (n 5 4-9) were injected with 89Zr-obinutuzumab, 89Zr-ofatumumab, 89Zr-rituximab, 89Zr-tositumomab, or 89Zr-IgG, with small-animal PET/CT images acquired at 1, 3, and 7 d after injection, and then sacrificed for biodistribution analyses. Results: At 1, 3, and 7 d after injection, all anti-CD20 antibodies showed clear tumor uptake on PET/CT, with minimal tumor uptake of IgG. Biodistribution data showed significantly (P , 0.005) higher tumor uptake for obinutuzumab (41.4 ± 7.6 percentage injected dose [%ID]/g), ofatumumab (32.6 ± 17.5 %ID/g), rituximab (28.6 ± 7.6 %ID/g), and tositumomab (28.0 ± 6.5 %ID/g) than IgG (7.2 ± 1.2 %ID/g). Tositumomab had much higher splenic uptake (186.4 ± 49.7 %ID/g, P , 0.001) than the other antibodies. Conclusion: 89Zr-labeled obinutuzumab and ofatumumab localized to tumor as well as or better than labeled rituximab and tositumomab, 2 monoclonal antibodies that have been used previously in B-cell lymphoma radioimmunotherapy, and both obinutuzumab and ofatumumab have the potential for repeated dosing.
- Positron emission tomography
- Targeted antibodies