Evaluating the Efficacy of Rib-to-pelvis Growth-friendly Surgery for the Treatment of Non-ambulatory Early-Onset Scoliosis Myelomeningocele Patients

Pediatric Spine Study Group

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Early-onset scoliosis (EOS) is a well-known orthopaedic manifestation in patients with myelomeningocele. The rib-based growing system (RBGS) has been proposed as an alternative for these individuals because of the poor outcomes with traditional surgical techniques. We aimed to describe the effect of RBGS in patients with nonambulatory EOS myelomeningocele. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the Pediatric Spine Study Group Multicenter Database for all patients with nonambulatory EOS myelomeningocele treated with RBGS from 2004 to 2019. Demographics, surgical data, radiographic findings, and postoperative complications were obtained. The quality-of-life parameters were assessed postoperatively using the Early-onset Scoliosis Questionnaire-24. RESULTS: Thirty patients (18 women; 60%) were patients with nonambulatory EOS myelomeningocele treated with RBGS. The mean age at the initial surgery was 5.3 years. The thoracic (T1-T12) spine height showed a significant increase from initial surgery to the most recent follow-up (P < 0.001). Spine (T1-S1) height was also significantly increased (P < 0.001). The postoperative complication rate was 87%. The Early-onset Scoliosis Questionnaire-24 demonstrates significant improvements in the quality-of-life scores (P = 0.037). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that RBGS could improve the reported quality-of-life scores in patients with nonambulatory EOS myelomeningocele when assessed with an EOS-oriented tool. Moreover, we confirmed the ability of RBGS to hold or even correct spinal deformity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews
Volume6
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2022

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