Etv5, an ETS transcription factor, is expressed in granulosa and cumulus cells and serves as a transcriptional regulator of the cyclooxygenase-2

Jinwon Eo, Kyuyong Han, Kenneth M. Murphy, Haengseok Song, Hyunjung Jade Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Etv4, Etv1, and Etv5 are members of Etv4 subfamily of E26 transformation-specific (Ets) transcription factors that are known to influence a host of biological processes. We previously showed that Etv5, expressed in Sertoli cells, plays a crucial role in maintaining spermatogonial stem cell niche in the mouse testis. However, it is not yet known whether Etv4 family members are expressed in the ovary or play any role in ovarian functions. Here, we show that Etv5 and Etv4 are expressed in mouse ovaries in granulosa and cumulus cells during folliculogenesis. Both Etv5 and Etv4 mRNAs are also detected in cumulusoocyte complexes (COCs) and denuded oocytes. Notably, Etv4 is highly expressed in the cumulus cells of ovulated COCs at 16-h post-human chorionic gonadotropin. Cyclooxygenase-2 (PTGS2), a rate-limiting enzyme for prostaglandin synthesis, is critical for oocyte maturation and ovulation. Since several putative Ets-binding sites are present in the PTGS2 promoter, we examined whether Etv5 influences Ptgs2 transcriptional activity. Indeed, we found that addition of Etv5 increases the transcriptional activity of the 3.2-kb mouse Ptgs2 promoter by 2.5-fold in luciferase reporter assays. Collectively, the results show that Etv4 and Etv5 are expressed in granulosa and cumulus cells during folliculogenesis and ovulation, suggesting that they influence cellular events in the ovary by regulating downstream genes such as Ptgs2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-290
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume198
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

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