Esophageal contractile segment impedance from high-resolution impedance manometry correlates with mean nocturnal baseline impedance and acid exposure time from 24-hour pH-impedance monitoring

Anthony Horton, Shai Posner, Brian Sullivan, Jennifer Cornejo, Andrea Davis, Monika Fields, Thasha McIntosh, Ziad Gellad, Rahul Shimpi, C. Prakash Gyawali, Amit Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Esophageal baseline impedance (BI) acquired during esophageal contraction (contractile segment impedance [CSI]) is proposed to improve BI accuracy in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We evaluated associations between CSI and conventional and novel GERD metrics. We analyzed high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) and ambulatory pH-impedance studies from 51 patients (58.6 ± 1.5 years; 26% F) with GERD symptoms studied off antisecretory therapy. Patients with achalasia or absent contractility were excluded. CSI (averaged across 10 swallows) and BI-HRIM (from the resting landmark phase) were acquired from the distal impedance sensors (distal sensor and 5 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter). Acid exposure time (AET) and mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) were calculated. Associations between CSI, BI-HRIM, MNBI, and AET were evaluated using correlation (Pearson) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Presenting symptoms included heartburn (67%), regurgitation (12%), cough (12%), and chest pain (10%). CSI-distal and CSI-5 each correlated with BI-HRIM, AET, and distal MNBI. Associations with AET were numerically stronger for CSI-distal (r = -0.46) and BI-HRIM-distal (r = -0.44) than CSI-5 (r = -0.33), BI-HRIM-5 (r = -0.28), or distal MNBI (r < -0.36). When compared to AET <4%, patients with AET >6% had significantly lower CSI-distal and BI-HRIM-distal values but not CSI-5, BI-HRIM-5, or MNBI. ROC areas under the curve for AET >6% were numerically higher for CSI-distal (0.81) than BI-HRIM-distal (0.77), distal MNBI (0.68-0.75), CSI-5 (0.68), or BI-HRIM-5 (0.68). CSI from HRIM studies inversely correlates with pathologic AET and has potential to augment the evaluation of GERD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdoaa063
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • ambulatory reflux monitoring
  • contractile segment impedance
  • distal baseline impedance
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • mean nocturnal baseline impedance
  • pH-impedance monitoring

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