Ergonomics in Urology: Current Landscape and Future Directions

Alain Kaldany, Hiren V. Patel, Nathan M. Shaw, Charles P. Jones, Benjamin N. Breyer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Optimal ergonomics are essential to improving clinical performance and longevity among urologists, as poor ergonomics can contribute to work-related injury and physician burnout. While a majority of urologists experience muscular injury throughout their career, women and trainees are disproportionately affected. These disparities are exacerbated by the lack of formal ergonomics education within urologic training programs. This review provides an overview of practical approaches to optimize ergonomics across working environments for urologists and trainees. We highlight intraoperative techniques and novel devices which have been shown to reduce work-related injury, and we identify knowledge gaps to guide future areas of ergonomic research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-243
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Feb 2024


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