ERAS protocol for pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy promotes safe and early discharge

Andrew Yeh, Gabriella Butler, Stephen Strotmeyer, Kelly Austin, Mihaela Visoiu, Franklyn Cladis, Marcus Malek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) pediatric patients in our institution have historically been admitted for an overnight hospital stay (OHS). The purpose of this study was to implement an ERAS protocol for elective LC in pediatric patients to promote same-day discharge (SDD) while maintaining excellent outcomes. Methods: An ERAS protocol for elective LC was implemented encompassing pre-, peri-, and postoperative management. A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from patients before (BI) and after implementation (AI) of the protocol was performed. Results: A total of 250 patients (BI 105, AI 145) were included in the study. The AI group had significantly higher rate of SDD compared to BI (77.2% vs. 1.9%, p < < 0.01) and significantly decreased opioid use (morphine equivalents mg/kg AI 0.36 vs. BI 0.46, p < < 0.001). There were also no significant differences in the rate of total 30-day emergency department visits (BI 11.4% vs. AI 9.7%, p = 0.52) or surgery-related 30-day emergency department visits (BI 7.6% vs. AI 8.3%, p = 0.53). Factors that predisposed patients to an OHS after LC included higher ASA, later surgery start times, and longer operative times. Conclusions: The ERAS protocol significantly increased the rate of SDD after elective LC in pediatric patients without an associated increase in emergency department visits or readmissions. Level of evidence: III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-100
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • ERAS
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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