Epithelial neutrophil-activating peptide (ENA-78), acute coronary syndrome prognosis, and Modulatory effect of statins

Issam Zineh, Amber L. Beitelshees, Gregory J. Welder, Wei Hou, Nasser Chegini, Jun Wu, Sharon Cresci, Michael A. Province, John A. Spertus

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29 Scopus citations


Endothelial inflammation with chemokine involvement contributes to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We tested the hypothesis that variation in the chemokine gene CXCL5, which encodes epithelia neutrophil-activating peptide (ENA-78), is associated with ACS prognosis. We also investigated whether statin use, a potent modulator of inflammation, modifies CXCL5's association with outcomes and characterized the in vitro effect of atorvastatin on endothelial ENA-78 production. Using a prospective cohort of ACS patients (n = 704) the association of the CXCL5 - 156 G>C polymorphism (rs352046) with 3-year all-cause mortality was estimated with hazard ratios (HR). Models were stratified by genotype and race. To characterize the influence of statins on this association, a statin*genotype interaction was tested. To validate ENA-78 as a statin target in inflammation typical of ACS, endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with IL-1β and atorvastatin with subsequent quantification of CXCL5 expression and ENA-78 protein concentrations. C/C genotype was associated with a 2.7-fold increase in 3-year all-cause mortality compared to G/G+G/C (95%CI 1.19-5.87; p=0,017). Statins significantly reduced mortality in G/G individuals only (58% relative risk reduction; p=0.0009). In HUVECs, atorvastatin dos-dependently decreased IL-1β-stimulated ENA-78 concentrations (p<0.0001). Drug effects persisted over 48 hours (p<0.01). CXCL5 genotype is associated with outcomes after ACS with potential statin modification of this effect. Atorvastatin lowered endothelial ENA-78 production during inflammation typical of ACS. These findings implicate CXCL5/ENA-78 in ACS and the statin response.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3117
JournalPloS one
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 3 2008


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