Epidermal growth factor stimulates the phosphorylation of synthetic tyrosine-containing peptides by A431 cell membranes

L. J. Pike, B. Gallis, J. E. Casnellie, P. Bornstein, E. G. Krebs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

A431 cell membranes phosphorylate a synthetic peptide (Arg-Arg-Leu-Ile-Glu-Asp-Asn-Glu-Tyr-Thr-Ala-Arg-Gly) in which residues 2-12 correspond to the sequence of the reported site of tyrosine phosphorylation in pp60(src). Epidermal growth factor stimulates the phosphorylation of this peptide 2-fold over basal levels in a dose-dependent fashion. Phosphorylation is linear for approximately 3 min at 30°C and occurs on the tyrosine residue. Kinetic analysis of the phosphorylation reaction indicates that epidermal growth factor increases the average V(max) form 3.8 to 7.5 nmol/min per mg and slightly decreases the average K(m) from 0.3 mM to 0.28 mM. A number of other peptides analogous to this tridecapeptide are also phosphorylated by A431 membranes. The data suggest that peptides with sequences similar to the site of tyrosine phosphorylation in pp60(src) are preferred substrates for the kinase in these membranes. Thus, the epidermal growth factor-stimulated protein kinase has the potential to interact with and phosphorylate pp60(src). However, the A431 membranes also phosphorylate a tyrosine-containing peptide of totally unrelated sequence, suggesting that the kinase possesses a broad specificity for peptide phosphorylation that may not reflect its specificity with protein substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1443-1447
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

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