Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Prognosis of Heart Failure in Older Adults

Kumar Dharmarajan, Michael W. Rich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

165 Scopus citations


Heart failure is the quintessential cardiovascular syndrome of aging that results from common cardiovascular conditions in older adults in conjunction with age-associated changes in cardiovascular structure and function. To a large extent, heart failure is a geriatric syndrome in much the same way that dementia, falls, and frailty are geriatric syndromes. The incidence and prevalence of heart failure increase strikingly with age and make heart failure the most common reason for hospitalization among older adults. Although outcomes for older adults with heart failure have improved over time, mortality, hospitalization, and rehospitalization rates remain high.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-426
Number of pages10
JournalHeart Failure Clinics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2017


  • Elderly
  • Epidemiology
  • Heart failure
  • Hospitalization
  • Mortality
  • Pathophysiology
  • Prognosis
  • Rehospitalization


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