Enzyme replacement prevents enamel defects in hypophosphatasia mice

Manisha C. Yadav, Rodrigo Cardoso De Oliveira, Brian L. Foster, Hanson Fong, Esther Cory, Sonoko Narisawa, Robert L. Sah, Martha Somerman, Michael P. Whyte, José Luis Millán

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51 Scopus citations


Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is the inborn error of metabolism characterized by deficiency of alkaline phosphatase activity, leading to rickets or osteomalacia and to dental defects. HPP occurs from loss-of-function mutations within the gene that encodes the tissue-nonspecific isozyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNAP). TNAP knockout (Alpl-/-, aka Akp2-/-) mice closely phenocopy infantile HPP, including the rickets, vitamin B6-responsive seizures, improper dentin mineralization, and lack of acellular cementum. Here, we report that lack of TNAP in Alpl-/- mice also causes severe enamel defects, which are preventable by enzyme replacement with mineral-targeted TNAP (ENB-0040). Immunohistochemistry was used to map the spatiotemporal expression of TNAP in the tissues of the developing enamel organ of healthy mouse molars and incisors. We found strong, stage-specific expression of TNAP in ameloblasts. In the Alpl-/- mice, histological, μCT, and scanning electron microscopy analysis showed reduced mineralization and disrupted organization of the rods and inter-rod structures in enamel of both the molars and incisors. All of these abnormalities were prevented in mice receiving from birth daily subcutaneous injections of mineral-targeting, human TNAP at 8.2 mg/kg/day for up to 44 days. These data reveal an important role for TNAP in enamel mineralization and demonstrate the efficacy of mineral-targeted TNAP to prevent enamel defects in HPP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1722-1734
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012



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    Yadav, M. C., De Oliveira, R. C., Foster, B. L., Fong, H., Cory, E., Narisawa, S., Sah, R. L., Somerman, M., Whyte, M. P., & Millán, J. L. (2012). Enzyme replacement prevents enamel defects in hypophosphatasia mice. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 27(8), 1722-1734. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.1619