Enterococcal bacteremia is associated with prolonged stay in the medical intensive care unit

Viju Moses, Jayakumar Jerobin, Anupama Nair, Sowmya Sathyendara, Veeraraghavan Balaji, Ige Abraham George, John Victor Peter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although enterococci are relatively common nosocomial pathogens in surgical intensive care units (ICUs), their significance in blood cultures from patients in the medical ICU is unclear. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study spanning 2 years, the clinical and microbiological characteristics of enterococcal bacteremia among medical ICU patients were evaluated. Results: Of 1325 admissions, 35 with enterococcal bacteremia accounted for 14.8% of positive blood cultures. They were significantly older (P=0.03) and had various co-morbidities. Most had vascular (96.9%) and urinary (85.3%) catheters, and 67.7% were mechanically ventilated. In addition to blood, enterococci were isolated from vascular catheters (8.6%) and other sites (20%), while no focus was identified in 77% of patients. Prior use of broad-spectrum antimicrobials was nearly universal. All isolates tested were sensitive to vancomycin and linezolid. Resistance to ampicillin and gentamicin were 44.7% and 52.6%, respectively. Compared with other medical ICU patients, patients with enterococcal bacteremia had a longer ICU stay (P<0.0001) and a trend toward higher ICU mortality (P=0.08). Conclusions: Enterococcal bacteremia is an important nosocomial infection in the medical ICU, with a predilection for older patients with multiple comorbidities. Its occurrence is associated with a significantly longer ICU stay and a trend to a higher mortality. The choice of antibiotics should be dictated by local susceptibility data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Global Infectious Diseases
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Bacteremia
  • Duration
  • Enterococcal
  • Medical intensive care unit
  • Mortality

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