Enterically induced regulation of systemic immune responses. I. Lymphoproliferative responses in mice suppressed by ingested antigen

G. A. Silverman, B. A. Peri, F. W. Fitch, R. M. Rothberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of local antigenic exposure on the responsiveness of systemic T cells were evaluated after C3H mice were given drinking water containing 6% bovine serum albumin (BSA) for 10 days and challenged sc with 1.0 mg BSA in adjuvant 28 days after the initiation of antigen feeding. During the first 28 days, no evidence of in vitro antigen-induced proliferation ([3H]thymidine incorporation) was detected in whole lymphocyte populations from the peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), spleen, or mesenteric nodes. In contrast, PLN cells treated with anti-Lyt-1 plus complement (C) had a significant proliferative response only if the cells were obtained during the first 6 days of antigen ingestion. Lymphoid cells from the same animals, treated with anti-Lyt-2 and C, did not respond to antigen. Two or 4 days after the injection, given on day 28, whole PLN cell populations from antigen-fed mice showed proliferation. No response was observed with PLN cells obtained 8 days after injection. Shortening the interval between the initiation of feeding and parenteral challenge partially restored proliferative responses detected 8 days after injection. Cultures prepared 4 days after simultaneous oral and parenteral antigenic exposure showed proliferation equal to or greater than cultures from mice that received only the injection. These data show that systemic T cell responsiveness is not eliminated by ingestion of soluble antigen, but rather is modulated in a manner previously detected in the humoral immune system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2651-2655
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume131
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

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