Interventions are needed to address each phase of the HIV care continuum in order to improve health outcomes and reduce likelihood of HIV transmission. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a community- and clinic-based intervention designed and implemented to reengage individuals who were lost to HIV care. Eligible participants had either never engaged in HIV care or had not had a medical visit for at least 12 months. Participants enrolled in a community- and clinic-based intervention that included intensive case management, access to a community nurse and peer navigator, as well as emergency stabilization funds. Data were collected at baseline and 6-month time points by the case managers; which included sociodemographics, general health, abstracted HIV viral loads and CD4 cell counts from their medical records. Descriptive and GEE analyses were conducted to assess changes from baseline to 6 months. A total of 322 participants enrolled over a 5-year period, of whom the majority were male (n = 250) and African American with a mean age of 42.0 years. After 6 months of the intervention, there was a significant increase of individuals who had undetectable HIV viral loads and their median CD4 cell counts increased (p < 0.01 for both). General health improved as well (p < 0.01). It is clear that this method of engagement, while staff intensive, is successful at engaging and retaining individuals in HIV care at least through 6 months.
- Community capacity
- Community engaged intervention
- HIV management