Energy Sources for the Surgical Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

Robert M. MacGregor, Spencer J. Melby, Richard B. Schuessler, Ralph J. Damiano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation has evolved over the past 2 decades due to the advent of ablation technology, and the introduction of less invasive surgical approaches. Current devices produce ablation lines that aim to replace the incisions of traditional surgical ablation strategies, such as the Cox-Maze procedure. This has helped to simplify and shorten surgical ablation procedures and has allowed for the development of minimally invasive surgical techniques. This review discusses surgical ablation energy sources and devices, providing background on device characteristics, mechanism of tissue injury, and success in creating transmural lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-508
Number of pages6
JournalInnovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • ablation devices
  • atrial fibrillation
  • energy sources
  • surgical ablation


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