Energy response of EBT3 radiochromic films: Implications for dosimetry in kilovoltage range

J. Eduardo Villarreal-Barajas, Rao F.H. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study is to evaluate the suitability of recently introduced radiochromic film EBT3 for clinical dosimetry in the kilovoltage (kV) range. For this purpose, a kV X-ray irradiator, X RAD 320ix in the range 70 to 300 kVp, a clinical 60Co source, a 6 MV and an 18 MV X-ray clinical beam from a Varian linear accelerator were calibrated following AAPM dosimetry protocols. EBT3 films from two different EBT3 batches were placed side-by-side on the surface of a water phantom; doses from 0.5 to 4 Gy were delivered. Similarly, irradiations were performed for 60Co and 6 and 18 MV beams in a water-equivalent phantom. Films were reproducibly placed at the center of a flatbed scanner and 48-bit RGB scans were obtained both pre- and postirradiations. Net optical density (netOD) and response for a given radiation quality relative to 60Co was determined for each EBT3 film. The netOD of the red color showed reproducible response (within 1%) for both batches when irradiated using the 60Co source. For a given dose of 1 Gy of kVp X-ray, the response relative to 60Co using the three color channels (red, green, and blue) decreases with decrease in kVp, reaching a maximum underresponse of ~ 20% for the 70 kVp. A significant underresponse of ~ 5% was observed at 300kVp. Responses of MV X-ray beams with respect to 60Co at the 1 Gy dose level showed no statistically significant difference. A relatively small difference in the response was observed between the two EBT3 batches used in this study in the kV X-ray range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied clinical medical physics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EBT3 films
  • Energy response
  • Kilovoltage dosimetry
  • Orthovoltage dosimetry
  • Radiochromic film dosimetry

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