Energy response of EBT3 radiochromic films: Implications for dosimetry in kilovoltage range

J. Eduardo Villarreal-Barajas, Rao F.H. Khan

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65 Scopus citations


The objective of this study is to evaluate the suitability of recently introduced radiochromic film EBT3 for clinical dosimetry in the kilovoltage (kV) range. For this purpose, a kV X-ray irradiator, X RAD 320ix in the range 70 to 300 kVp, a clinical 60Co source, a 6 MV and an 18 MV X-ray clinical beam from a Varian linear accelerator were calibrated following AAPM dosimetry protocols. EBT3 films from two different EBT3 batches were placed side-by-side on the surface of a water phantom; doses from 0.5 to 4 Gy were delivered. Similarly, irradiations were performed for 60Co and 6 and 18 MV beams in a water-equivalent phantom. Films were reproducibly placed at the center of a flatbed scanner and 48-bit RGB scans were obtained both pre- and postirradiations. Net optical density (netOD) and response for a given radiation quality relative to 60Co was determined for each EBT3 film. The netOD of the red color showed reproducible response (within 1%) for both batches when irradiated using the 60Co source. For a given dose of 1 Gy of kVp X-ray, the response relative to 60Co using the three color channels (red, green, and blue) decreases with decrease in kVp, reaching a maximum underresponse of ~ 20% for the 70 kVp. A significant underresponse of ~ 5% was observed at 300kVp. Responses of MV X-ray beams with respect to 60Co at the 1 Gy dose level showed no statistically significant difference. A relatively small difference in the response was observed between the two EBT3 batches used in this study in the kV X-ray range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied clinical medical physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014


  • EBT3 films
  • Energy response
  • Kilovoltage dosimetry
  • Orthovoltage dosimetry
  • Radiochromic film dosimetry


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