OBJECTIVE - Angiogenic expansion of the vasa vasorum is a well-known feature of progressive atherosclerosis, suggesting that antiangiogenic therapies may stabilize or regress plaques. ανβ3 Integrin-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles were prepared for noninvasive assessment of angiogenesis in early atherosclerosis, for site-specific delivery of antiangiogenic drug, and for quantitative follow-up of response. METHODS AND RESULTS - Expression of ανβ3 integrin by vasa vasorum was imaged at 1.5 T in cholesterol-fed rabbit aortas using integrin-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles that incorporated fumagillin at 0 μg/kg or 30 μg/kg. Both formulations produced similar MRI signal enhancement (16.7%±1.1%) when integrated across all aortic slices from the renal arteries to the diaphragm. Seven days after this single treatment, integrin-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles were readministered and showed decreased MRI enhancement among fumagillin-treated rabbits (2.9%±1.6%) but not in untreated rabbits (18.1%±2.1%). In a third group of rabbits, nontargeted fumagillin nanoparticles did not alter vascular ανβ3-integrin expression (12.4%±0.9%; P>0.05) versus the no-drug control. In a second study focused on microscopic changes, fewer microvessels in the fumagillin-treated rabbit aorta were counted compared with control rabbits. CONCLUSIONS - This study illustrates the potential of combined molecular imaging and drug delivery with targeted nanoparticles to noninvasively define atherosclerotic burden, to deliver effective targeted drug at a fraction of previous levels, and to quantify local response to treatment.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology|
|State||Published - Sep 2006|
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Molecular imaging