Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage in benign biliary pathology with normal foregut anatomy: a multicenter study

Jason G. Bill, Marvin Ryou, Kelly E. Hathorn, Pedro Cortes, John T. Maple, Abdullah Al-Shahrani, Gabriel Lang, Daniel K. Mullady, Koushik Das, Natalie Cosgrove, Habeeb Salameh, Nikhil A. Kumta, Christopher J. DiMaio, Hassaan Zia, Jordan Orr, Patrick Yachimski, Vladimir M. Kushnir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: Biliary drainage using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS-BD) has been developed as a novel technique to obtain biliary access and drainage when ERCP fails. Numerous studies have demonstrated its safety and efficacy specifically pertaining to those with malignant distal biliary obstruction or altered foregut anatomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of EUS-BD in benign indications in patients with normal foregut anatomy. Methods: We performed a retrospective comparative study from 5 academic medical centers (2008–2018) involving patients with benign biliary obstruction and native foregut anatomy who had an initial failed ERCP with subsequent attempt at biliary decompression via EUS-BD or by repeating ERCP. Results: 36 patients (mean age 61.6 ± 2.2, 38.9% female) who underwent attempted EUS-BD following initial failed ERCP were compared to 50 patients (mean age 62.7 ± 2.3, 73.5% female) who underwent repeat ERCP following an initial failed cannulation. EUS-BD was technically successful in 28 (77.8%) patients with rendezvous being the most common approach (86.1%). A higher level of pre-procedural bilirubin was found to be associated with technical success of EUS-BD (3.65 ± 0.63 versus 1.1 ± 0.4, p value 0.04). Success of repeat ERCP following failed cannulation was 86%. Adverse events were significantly more frequent in the EUS-BD cohort when compared to the repeat ERCP (10 (27.8%) versus 4 (8.0%), p = 0.02, OR 4.32. Conclusions: EUS-BD remains a viable therapeutic option in the setting of benign biliary disease, with success rates of 77.8%. Adverse events were significantly more common with EUS-BD vs. repeat ERCP, emphasizing the need to perform in expert centers with appropriate multidisciplinary support and to strongly consider the urgency of biliary decompression before considering same session EUS-BD after failed initial biliary access.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgical endoscopy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Biliary obstruction
  • EUS guided biliary drainage
  • Failed ERCP

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