Endoscopic treatment of combined metopic-sagittal craniosynostosis

Ema Zubovic, Gary B. Skolnick, Sybill D. Naidoo, Mark Bellanger, Matthew D. Smyth, Kamlesh B. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE Combined metopic-sagittal craniosynostosis is traditionally treated with open cranial vault remodeling and fronto-orbital advancement, sometimes in multiple operations. Endoscopic treatment of this multisuture synostosis presents a complex challenge for the surgeon and orthotist. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed the preoperative and 1-year postoperative CT scans of 3 patients with combined metopic-sagittal synostosis, all of whom were treated with simultaneous endoscope-assisted craniectomy of the metopic and sagittal sutures followed by helmet therapy. Established anthropometric measurements were applied to assess pre- and postoperative morphology, including cranial index and interfrontal divergence angle (IFDA). Patients’ measurements were compared to those obtained in 18 normal controls. RESULTS Two boys and one girl underwent endoscope-assisted craniectomy at a mean age of 81 days. The mean preoperative cranial index was 0.70 (vs control mean of 0.82, p = 0.009), corrected postoperatively to a mean of 0.82 (vs control mean of 0.80, p = 0.606). The mean preoperative IFDA was 110.4° (vs control mean of 152.6°, p = 0.017), corrected postoperatively to a mean of 139.1° (vs control mean of 140.3°, p = 0.348). The mean blood loss was 100 mL and the mean length of stay was 1.7 days. No patient underwent reoperation. The mean clinical follow-up was 3.4 years. CONCLUSIONS Endoscope-assisted craniectomy with helmet therapy is a viable single-stage treatment option for combined metopic-sagittal synostosis, providing correction of the stigmata of trigonoscaphocephaly, with normalization of the cranial index and IFDA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-121
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2020


  • Craniofacial
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Endoscopic
  • Metopic-sagittal synostosis
  • Multisuture


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