Endoscopic full-thickness resection of colorectal lesions: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Russell D. Dolan, Ahmad Najdat Bazarbashi, Thomas R. McCarty, Christopher C. Thompson, Hiroyuki Aihara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aims: Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) is a novel endoscopic technique for the resection of GI lesions not amenable to standard endoscopic therapy. The primary aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate EFTR for the resection of colorectal lesions. Methods: Individualized searches were developed through October 2020 in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines. Random-effects models were used to determine pooled technical success, margin-negative (R0) resection, adverse events, procedure duration, and rate of recurrence at follow-up. Subgroup analysis was used to assess the impact of specific procedure techniques and regression analyses to determine influence of lesion size. Heterogeneity was assessed with I2 statistics and publication bias by funnel plots using Egger and Begg tests. Results: Fourteen studies (1936 subjects; 39.6% women) were included. Most EFTR lesions were located in the colon (75.8%) with the remaining in the rectum. Mean procedure duration was 45.4 ± 11.4 minutes. Pooled technical success was 87.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 85.1-89.8; I2 = 33), R0 resection rate was 78.8% (95% CI, 75.7-81.5; I2 = 33), procedure-associated adverse events occurred in 12.2% (95% CI, 9.3-15.9; I2 = 61), and recurrence rate was 12.6% (95% CI, 11.1-14.4; I2 = 0) over an average weighted follow-up of 20.1 ± 3.8 weeks. Regression analyses revealed significantly lower R0 resection (odds ratio,.3; 95% CI,.2-.6; I2 = 61; P =.0003) and higher overall procedure-associated adverse event rates (odds ratio, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.8-7.2; I2 = 55; P =.0004) for lesions >20 mm. Conclusions: EFTR overall appears to be an effective modality with high technical success and R0 resection rate with a relatively low risk of adverse events and recurrence, with greatest success when lesions are <20 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-224.e18
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Volume95
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

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