Endolymph calcium increases with time after surgical induction of hydrops in guinea-pigs

Alec N. Salt, John DeMott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ionized Ca2+ concentration in cochlear endolymph is normally extremely low. Previous studies have shown that endolymph Ca2+ levels become elevated when measured at long intervals after endolymphatic hydrops is surgically induced. The present study was designed to investigate how rapidly endolymph Ca2+ increases following endolymphatic duct ablation. Hydropic animals were tested at either 4 days, 4 weeks, 8 weeks or 16 weeks after surgery. In each animal endolymph Ca2+ and endocochlear potentials were measured in all four cochlear turns using double-barreled Ca2+-sensitive electrodes. Cochlear sensitivity was assessed using compound action potential thresholds. Our results confirm that hydropic animals show an elevation of endolymph Ca2+ and a reduction of EP which is initially small, but becomes more pronounced at longer times after surgery. At 16 weeks endolymph Ca2+ was increased by an average factor of 2.0 in the basal turn and 7.5 in the fourth turn. These findings suggest that endolymph Ca2+ changes may not be the primary factor responsible for hydrops generation, but probably contribute to cochlear dysfunction in later phases of hydrops. For some experimental groups, the elevation of AP threshold was more closely correlated with endolymph Ca2+ level than it was with endolymph volume. Endolymph Ca2+ changes must therefore be considered in order to account for dysfunction in the hydropic cochlea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalHearing research
Volume74
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1994

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Cochlea, Ménière's disease
  • Endolymph
  • Endolymphatic Hydrops

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