Endogenous tissue factor pathway inhibitor has a limited effect on host defence in murine pneumococcal pneumonia

Florry E. van den Boogaard, Cornelis van ’t Veer, Joris J.T.H. Roelofs, Joost C.M. Meijers, Marcus J. Schultz, George Broze, Tom van der Poll

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Streptococcus (S.) pneumoniae is the most common causative pathogen in community-acquired pneumonia. Coagulation and inflammation interact in the host response to infection. Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a natural anticoagulant protein that inhibits tissue factor (TF), the main activator of inflammation-induced coagulation. It was the objective of this study to investigate the effect of endogenous TFPI levels on coagulation, inflammation and bacterial growth during S. pneumoniae pneumonia in mice. The effect of low endogenous TFPI levels was studied by administration of a neutralising anti-TFPI antibody to wild-type mice, and by using genetically modified mice expressing low levels of TFPI, due to a genetic deletion of the first Kunitz domain of TFPI (TFPIK1(-/-)) rescued with a human TFPI transgene. Pneumonia was induced by intranasal inoculation with S. pneumoniae and samples were obtained at 6, 24 and 48 hours after infection. Anti-TFPI reduced TFPI activity by ~50 %. Homozygous lowTFPI mice and heterozygous controls had ~10 % and ~50 % of normal TFPI activity, respectively. TFPI levels did not influence bacterial growth or dissemination. Whereas lung pathology was unaffected in all groups, mice with ~10 % (but not with ~50 %) of TFPI levels displayed elevated lung cytokine and chemokine concentrations 24 hours after infection. None of the groups with low TFPI levels showed an altered procoagulant response in lungs or plasma during pneumonia. These data argue against an important role for endogenous TFPI in the antibacterial, inflammatory and procoagulant response during pneumococcal pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalThrombosis and haemostasis
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bacterial infection
  • Coagulation inhibitors
  • Inflammation
  • Lung
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae

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    van den Boogaard, F. E., van ’t Veer, C., Roelofs, J. J. T. H., Meijers, J. C. M., Schultz, M. J., Broze, G., & van der Poll, T. (2015). Endogenous tissue factor pathway inhibitor has a limited effect on host defence in murine pneumococcal pneumonia. Thrombosis and haemostasis, 114(1), 115-122. https://doi.org/10.1160/TH14-12-1053