Endogenous inhibitors of 4'-[3H]chlorodiazepam (Ro 5-4864) binding to 'peripheral' sites for benzodiazepines

Charles R. Mantione, Ben Avi Weissman, Mark E. Goldman, Steven M. Paul, Phil Skolnick

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23 Scopus citations


'Peripheral' binding sites for benzodiazepines are under neural or homonal control in the pineal gland, olfactory bulb, and kidney. These observations prompted a search for an endogenous substance which could modulate these sites under physiological conditions. Acidified methanol extracts from several tissues (e.g. stomach, kidney, lung) were found to inhibit the binding of [3H]Ro 5-4864 to 'peripheral' binding sites, but did not significantly affect the binding of [3H]diazepam to 'brain' benzodiazepine receptors. Fractionation of a crude extract prepared from antral stomach by either ultrafiltration or gel filtration chromatography yielded high (Mr > 10000) and low (Mr < 1000) Mr fractions which competitively inhibited [3H]Ro 5-4864 binding to 'peripheral' sites. These observations suggest the presence of endogenous substances in several rat tissues which may represent physiologically important ligands for 'peripheral' binding sites for benzodiazepines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalFEBS Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 15 1984


  • 4'-Chlorodiazepam (Ro 5-4864)
  • 5-4864
  • Antral stomach
  • Benzodiazepine receptor
  • Diazepam
  • Kidney


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