'Peripheral' binding sites for benzodiazepines are under neural or homonal control in the pineal gland, olfactory bulb, and kidney. These observations prompted a search for an endogenous substance which could modulate these sites under physiological conditions. Acidified methanol extracts from several tissues (e.g. stomach, kidney, lung) were found to inhibit the binding of [3H]Ro 5-4864 to 'peripheral' binding sites, but did not significantly affect the binding of [3H]diazepam to 'brain' benzodiazepine receptors. Fractionation of a crude extract prepared from antral stomach by either ultrafiltration or gel filtration chromatography yielded high (Mr > 10000) and low (Mr < 1000) Mr fractions which competitively inhibited [3H]Ro 5-4864 binding to 'peripheral' sites. These observations suggest the presence of endogenous substances in several rat tissues which may represent physiologically important ligands for 'peripheral' binding sites for benzodiazepines.
- 4'-Chlorodiazepam (Ro 5-4864)
- Antral stomach
- Benzodiazepine receptor