Endocrine and metabolic deficiency

Gregory F. Wu, Laura J. Balcer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations


Endocrine disorders involving the visual system include diabetes, thyroid disease, and pituitary abnormalities. Each can cause diplopia or visual loss. In the evaluation of patients with neuro-ophthalmologic complaints, systemic evaluation of the patient for these disorders should be kept in mind.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-434
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmology Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Endocrine and metabolic deficiency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this