Encyclopedia of endometriosis: a pictorial rad-path review

Brandon R. Mason, Deyali Chatterjee, Christine O. Menias, Premal H. Thaker, Cary Lynn Siegel, Motoyo Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endometriosis affects approximately 10% of reproductive age women and represents a significant cause of pelvic pain and infertility. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of endometriosis is often delayed by years. Endometriosis may manifest as cystic lesions in the ovaries known as endometriomas. Superficial endometriosis is typically detected by laparoscopy along the pelvic peritoneum as these lesions tend to be difficult to detect by imaging. Deep infiltrative endometriosis may be detected by ultrasound, CT or MRI in classic locations within the pelvis, such as the posterior cul-de-sac and uterosacral ligaments. Endometriosis may also involve the thorax, gastrointestinal and urinary tracts, and locations such as the abdominal wall and abdominal organs. We present MRI and CT case examples, together with corresponding laparoscopic and histopathology images to enhance radiologists’ understanding of this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1587-1607
Number of pages21
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • CT
  • Endometriosis
  • MRI
  • Pathology

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