Empowerment: An Idea Whose Time Has Come in Diabetes Education

Martha M. Funnell, Robert M. Anderson, Marilynn S. Arnold, Patricia A. Barr, Michael Donnelly, Patricia D. Johnson, Denise Taylor-Moon, Neil H. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

291 Scopus citations


We have learned much in the past 10 years about how to help patients to acquire diabetes-related knowledge and skills and how to use strategies to help patients change behaviors. However, the application ofknowledge and techniques should be guided by a relevant, coherent, educational philosophy. Empowerment offers a practical conceptual framework for diabetes patient education. Empowering patients provides them with the knowledge, skills, and responsibility to effect change and has the potential to promote overall health and maximize the use of available resources. It is an idea whose time has come for diabetes education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalThe Diabetes Educator
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1991

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