Elevated preoperative blood pressure and its relationship to intraoperative mean arterial pressure and blood loss in posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Niyathi Prasad, Amit Jain, Rachel S. Bronheim, Majd Marrache, Dolores B. Njoku, Paul D. Sponseller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The relationship between preoperative blood pressure (BP) and intraoperative mean arterial pressure (MAP) and estimated blood loss (EBL) in pediatric spine surgery is currently unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine if elevated preoperative BP is associated with elevated intraoperative MAP, EBL, and percentage estimated blood volume (EBV) lost, and to determine if intraoperative MAP is associated with percentage of EBV lost during posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods: This is a retrospective cohort analysis of 209 patients undergoing PSF for AIS between 2016 and 2019 by a single surgeon. Data extracted included demographic characteristics, preoperative systolic and diastolic BP, continuous intraoperative MAP measured by arterial line, EBL, radiographic, and surgical characteristics. Time points of interest for MAP included incision and exposure. Elevated BP was defined as > 1 standard deviation above the mean BP of patients included in the study, and elevated MAP was defined as > 65 mmHg. Results: Elevated preoperative systolic BP was associated with elevated MAP at incision (p = 0.002). Patients with elevated preoperative diastolic BP had significantly higher MAP at exposure and throughout the procedure (p = 0.04). MAP > 65 at incision was associated with a 5% increase in EBV lost (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients with elevated preoperative BP parameters have increased MAPs at incision, exposure, and throughout surgery. Elevated MAP at incision is associated with an increased percentage of EBV lost in a small number of patients undergoing PSF for AIS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-345
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Blood loss
  • Complications
  • Hypertension

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