Elevated maternal and child mortality among women with multiple DUI convictions compared with socio-demographically matched controls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: To assess whether having multiple convictions for driving while under the influence of alcohol (MDUI) in women is a risk factor for maternal, infant and child mortality. Design: Retrospective cohort design using record linkage, comparing women with MDUI convictions with propensity-matched women without alcohol-related driving offences ascertained through state records, on rates of maternal, infant and child mortality. Setting: Missouri, United States. Participants: MDUI women (n = 1658) and women with no alcohol-related driving convictions (control, n = 184 252) who gave birth from 2000 to 2004. Measurements: Data were obtained from state administrative records and US Census data. The outcomes were maternal, infant and child mortality. The input variable was presence or absence of MDUI convictions. Propensity-matching variables were maternal (smoking during pregnancy, delayed prenatal care, previous child deaths, age at birth, mother Missouri-born, education, pre-pregnancy obesity, marital status), reproductive partner (un-named partner, race/ethnicity, education, DUI status) and census tract (socio-economic advantage, urbanicity) characteristics. Findings: Women with MDUI convictions had higher odds of maternal, infant and child mortality than propensity-matched controls [odds ratio (OR) = 2.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.07–3.40 and OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.17–2.61, respectively]. Conclusions: Having multiple convictions for driving under the influence of alcohol in women appears to be a risk factor for increased maternal, infant and child mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1981-1991
Number of pages11
JournalAddiction
Volume114
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • Child mortality
  • DUI
  • drunk driving
  • maternal alcohol use
  • maternal mortality
  • parental alcohol use

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