Elevated intrathecal myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies in multiple sclerosis

Eric C. Klawiter, Laura Piccio, Jeri Anne Lyons, Robert Mikesell, Kevin C. O'Connor, Anne H. Cross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and control individuals. Design: Prospective case-control series. Setting: Academic referral center. Patients: Twenty-six controls with noninflammatory neurologic disease and 35 patients with MS donated serum and CSF for recombinant MOG (rMOG) antibody determination. Main Outcome Measures: Serum and CSF rMOG antibody and albumin levels were used to calculate an rMOG index. Clinical disability, CSF markers, and magnetic resonance metrics were correlated with the rMOG index. Results: The rMOG index was elevated in MS patients compared with controls (P=.01). Patients with progressive MS exhibited elevated rMOG indexes compared with patients with relapsing-remitting MS (P=.04). The rMOG index was inferior to the IgG index in differentiating MS patients from controls. However, 7 of 16 patients with MS who had normal immunoglobulin G indexes had an elevated rMOG index. The rMOG index did not correlate with clinical disability, other CSF markers, or radiographic outcome measures. Conclusions: The rMOG index, a marker of intrathecal MOG antibody production, may provide complementary information to routine CSF testing in the diagnosis of MS. Furthermore, intrathecal anti-MOG antibody production may bemore pronounced in progressive than in relapsing forms of MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1102-1108
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of neurology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2010


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