Elevated Intracranial Pressure, Management of

A. Hassan, M. N. Diringer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) represents one of the most serious complications of acute brain injury, contributing a significant degree of morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Etiologies of elevated ICP can range from mass lesions and cerebral edema to accumulation of fluid in the ventricular and vascular intracranial compartments. Owing to its deleterious effects on outcome, elevated ICP is considered to be a medical and surgical emergency, requiring prompt recognition and appropriate management. Management strategies for elevated ICP include maintenance of adequate perfusion/ventilation/temperature control, neurosurgical intervention, sedation, osmotic therapy, and hyperventilation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1112-1116
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood volume
  • Cerebral edema
  • Cerebral perfusion pressure
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Compliance
  • Cushing's triad
  • Decompressive craniectomy
  • Herniation
  • Hypertonic saline
  • Hyperventilation
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Mannitol
  • Monro-Kellie doctrine
  • Osmotic therapy
  • Ventriculostomy

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  • Cite this

    Hassan, A., & Diringer, M. N. (2014). Elevated Intracranial Pressure, Management of. In Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (pp. 1112-1116). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385157-4.01058-7