The role of nuclear membrane phospholipids as targets of phospholipases resulting in the generation of nuclear signaling messengers has received attention. In the present study, we have exploited the utility of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry to determine the phospholipid content of nuclei isolated from perfused hearts. Rat heart nuclei contained choline glycerophospholipids composed of palmitoyl and stearoyl residues at the sn-1 position with oleoyl, linoleoyl, and arachidonoyl residues at the sn-2 position. Diacyl molecular species were the predominant molecular subclass in the choline glycerophospholipids, with the balance of the molecular species being plasmalogens. In the ethanolamine glycerophospholipid pool from rat heart nuclei approximately 50% of the molecular species were plasmalogens, which were enriched with arachidonic acid at the sn-2 position. A 50% loss of myocytic nuclear choline and ethanolamine glycerophospholipids was observed in hearts rendered globally ischemic for 15 min followed by 90 min of reperfusion in comparisons with the content of these phospholipids in control perfused hearts. The loss of nuclear choline and ethanolamine glycerophospholipids during reperfusion of ischemic myocardium was partially reversed by the calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) inhibitor bromoenol lactone (BEL), suggesting that the loss of nuclear phospholipids during ischemia/reperfusion is mediated, in part, by iPLA2. Western blot analyses of isolated nuclei from ischemic hearts demonstrated that iPLA2 is translocated to the nucleus after myocardial ischemia. Taken together, these studies have demonstrated that nuclear phospholipid mass decreases after myocardial ischemia by a mechanism that involves, at least in part, phospholipolysis mediated by iPLA2.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of lipid research|
|State||Published - Oct 24 2000|
- Myocardial ischemia
- Phospholipase A