The electrokinetic behavior of red cell membrane vesicles of normal (ROV) and inverted (IOV) sidedness has been characterized using the laser Doppler technique of electrophoretic light scattering (ELS). At neutral pH ROV have a (approx. 25%) higher electrophoretic mobility than IOV and the two peaks can be resolved in the ELS spectrum to provide a quantitative estimate of the IOV/ROV ratio which is consistent with the ratio determined by assay of the activity of acetylcholinesterase. The ROV peak coincides with the mobility of fresh red blood cells and of resealed ghosts. Neuraminidase treatment reduces the ROV mobility by a factor of 2.6, while the IOV peak is reduced only slightly (<5%). Treatment with trypsin results in a single narrow ELS peak at about 60% of the mobility of ROV. Treatment of IOV with phospholipase C leaves the electrophoretic mobility unaltered, whereas treatment with phospholipase D increases their mode mobility by 22%. The mobility titration curve of IOV from pH 2 to pH 10 reveals three distinct inflection points which may be assigned to chemical groups on the cytoplasmic surface of the red cell membrane.
- Electrokinetic behavior
- Electrophoretic light scattering
- Erythrocyte membrane