Eight ways to stay healthy after cancer: An evidence-based message

Kathleen Y. Wolin, Hank Dart, Graham A. Colditz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Since 1999, in conjunction with the internationally known and award-winning Your Disease Risk (your diseaserisk.org) risk assessment tool, the "Eight Ways to Stay Healthy and Prevent Cancer" message campaign has provided an evidence-based, but user-friendly, approach to cancer prevention. The scientific evidence behind the campaign is robust and while not a complete list, provides a great deal of benefit in the reduction of cancer risk. With 12 million cancer survivors in the United States, there is a need for a parallel set of recommendations that oncologists and primary care providers may routinely use for individuals following a cancer diagnosis focused on improving the quantity and quality of life after diagnosis. With increasing survival rates and many cancer survivors dying from noncancer causes, survivorship care necessarily focuses on more than just risk of cancer recurrence and cancer-related mortality. Methods To provide a foundation for living a healthy life after a cancer diagnosis, we developed a set of evidencebased health messages for cancer survivors. "Cancer Survivors' Eight Ways to Stay Healthy After Cancer," published by the Siteman Cancer Center at Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes Jewish Hospital, documents both the evidence supporting the recommendations as well as tips for implementing them. Results The one-line summary messages are: (1) don't smoke, (2) avoid secondhand smoke, (3) exercise regularly, (4) avoid weight gain, (5) eat a healthy diet, (6) drink alcohol in moderation, if at all, (7) stay connected with friends, family, and other survivors, (8) get screening tests and go to your regular checkups. Conclusions The cancer survivors' eight ways are the foundation for an evidence-based health promotion program for survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-837
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Survivorship

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