We have used molecular conjugates containing combinations of DNA, adenovirus, polylysine, and transferrin to transfect primary cells derived from canines with hemophilia B (factor IX deficiency), as well as a canine epithelial cell line. Transfection of canine hemophilia B fibroblasts with molecular conjugates resulted in efficient transfection and expression of luciferase DNA-adenovirus-polylysine (AdpL) conjugates or luciferase DNA-adenovirus-polylysine-transferrin (hTfpL/AdpL) conjugates. No expression in canine hemophilia B fibroblasts was evident after exposure to DNA alone, or DNA conjugated with polylysine and transferrin. Transfection efficiencies of 50% or more could be demonstrated in cells transfected with a β-galactosidase reporter gene as part of an hTfpL/AdpL molecular conjugate. Transfection with canine factor IX AdpL conjugates or canine factor IX hTfpL/AdpL conjugates resulted in factor IX expression for more than 2 weeks in vitro in hemophilia B canine fibroblasts. Maximum levels of expression of over 700 ng of canine factor IX/106 cells/24 hr were demonstrated in fibroblasts after transfection with canine factor IX hTfpL/AdpL conjugates. Similar conjugates were used to transfect hemophilia B canine bone marrow stromal cells and Madin-Darby canine kidney cells that also expressed canine factor IX. The use of molecular conjugates to transfect primary cells may be feasible as a means of in vitro or in vivo gene therapy for hemophilia B, and can be tested in the canine hemophilia B model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-322
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1994


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