Efficacy and Safety of Transdermal and Oral Oxybutynin in Children With Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity

Patrick C. Cartwright, Douglas E. Coplen, Barry A. Kogan, Weining Volinn, Eileen Finan, Gary Hoel

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24 Scopus citations


Purpose: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of transdermal and oral oxybutynin in children with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Materials and Methods: Children with neurogenic detrusor overactivity 6 to 15 years old and previously receiving oxybutynin were assigned randomly at a 3:1 ratio to treatment with transdermal or oral oxybutynin. Initial dosages (transdermal 1.3, 2.9 or 3.9 mg daily; oral 5, 10 or 15 mg daily), based on pre-study dosages, were adjusted after 2 weeks and then maintained for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was change from baseline to last observation in average urine volume collected by clean intermittent catheterization. Results: A total of 57 patients were randomized to receive transdermal (41) or oral (16) oxybutynin. Safety data were available for 55 patients and efficacy data were available for 52. Mean ± SD urine volume increased from 95 ± 64 ml to 125 ± 74 ml (p <0.001) with transdermal oxybutynin and from 114 ± 75 ml to 166 ± 92 ml (p = 0.002) with oral oxybutynin. Transdermal oxybutynin resulted in significant improvement in all measured urodynamic parameters. Similar trends and a significant increase in maximal cystometric bladder capacity were observed in the smaller oral oxybutynin group. There were 12 treatment related adverse events noted with transdermal oxybutynin (mild skin reaction) and 1 with oral oxybutynin (vasodilatation). The ratio of N-desethyloxybutynin-to-oxybutynin plasma concentrations was substantially lower with transdermal (1.4) than with oral (6.7) oxybutynin. Conclusions: Transdermal oxybutynin was a well tolerated and effective alternative to oral oxybutynin in treating neurogenic detrusor overactivity in children who previously tolerated oxybutynin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1548-1554
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Oct 2009


  • muscarinic antagonists
  • oxybutynin
  • urinary catheterization
  • urinary incontinence
  • urodynamics


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