Background: Patients with mixed dyslipidemia often require combination therapy to manage multiple lipid abnormalities. Objective: To evaluate fenofibric acid in combination with a statin across three studies of patients with mixed dyslipidemia. Methods: As prospectively planned, data were pooled from three randomized, double-blind, phase 3 studies of patients with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥130 mg/dL, triglycerides (TG) ≥150 mg/dL, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) <40 mg/dL (men) or <50 mg/dL (women). A total of 2715 patients were randomly assigned to 12-week treatment with fenofibric acid 135 mg monotherapy; low-, moderate-, or high-dose statin (rosuvastatin, simvastatin, or atorvastatin, depending on study) monotherapy; or fenofibric acid + low- or moderate-dose statin. The primary efficacy comparisons were mean percent change in HDL-C and TG (combination therapy vs. statin) and LDL-C (combination therapy vs. fenofibric acid). Results: Fenofibric acid + low-dose statin increased HDL-C (18.1% vs. 7.4%) and reduced TG (-43.9% vs. -16.8%) versus low-dose statin monotherapy and reduced LDL-C (-33.1% vs. -5.1%) versus fenofibric acid monotherapy (P <.001 for all). Fenofibric acid + moderate-dose statin increased HDL-C (17.5% vs. 8.7%) and reduced TG (-42.0% vs. -23.7%) versus moderate-dose statin monotherapy and reduced LDL-C (-34.6% vs. -5.1%) versus fenofibric acid monotherapy (P <.001 for all). Combination therapy was generally well tolerated, and safety profiles were similar to monotherapies. No rhabdomyolysis was reported. Conclusion: In patients with mixed dyslipidemia, combination therapy simultaneously improved multiple lipid abnormalities more effectively than fenofibric acid or statin monotherapies.
- Data pooling
- Fenofibric acid
- HDL cholesterol
- Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors
- LDL cholesterol