Efficacy and Safety of a Single Dose of Ivermectin, Diethylcarbamazine, and Albendazole for Treatment of Lymphatic Filariasis in Côte d'Ivoire: An Open-label Randomized Controlled Trial

Catherine M. Bjerum, Allassane F. Ouattara, Méité Aboulaye, Olivier Kouadio, Vanga K. Marius, Britt J. Andersen, Gary J. Weil, Benjamin G. Koudou, Christopher L. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Improved drug regimens are needed to accelerate elimination of lymphatic filariasis in Africa. This study determined whether a single co-administered dose of ivermectin plus diethylcarbamazine plus albendazole [IDA] is noninferior to standard 3 annual doses of ivermectin plus albendazole (IA) used in many LF-endemic areas of Africa. METHODS: Treatment-naive adults with Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaremia in Côte d'Ivoire were randomized to receive a single dose of IDA (n = 43) or 3 annual doses of IA (n = 52) in an open-label, single-blinded trial. The primary endpoint was the proportion of participants who were microfilaria (Mf) negative at 36 months. Secondary endpoints were Mf clearance at 6, 12, and 24 months; inactivation of adult worm nests; and safety. RESULTS: At 36 months posttreatment with IDA, 18/33 (55%; 95% CI, 38-72%) cleared Mf versus 33/42 (79%; 67-91%) with IA (P = .045). At 6 and 12 months IDA was superior to IA in clearing Mf (89% [77-99%] and 71% [56-85%]), respectively, versus 34% (20-48%) and 26% (14-42%) (P < .001). IDA was equivalent to IA at 24 months (61% [45-77%] vs 54% [38-72%]; P = .53). IDA was superior to IA for inactivating adult worms at all time points. Both treatments were well tolerated, and there were no serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: A single dose of IDA was superior to 2 doses of IA in reducing the overall Mf burden by 24 months. Reinfection may have contributed to the lack of sustained clearance of Mf with IDA. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: NCT02974049.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e68-e75
JournalClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Volume71
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2020

Keywords

  • albendazole
  • diethylcarbamazine
  • efficacy
  • ivermectin
  • lymphatic filariasis

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