Effects of Various Therapeutic Agents on Vasospasm and Functional Outcome After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage–Results of a Network Meta-Analysis

Sandeep Mishra, Kanwaljeet Garg, Vishwa Bharathi Gaonkar, Preet Mohinder Singh, Manmohan Singh, Ashish Suri, P. Sarat Chandra, Shashank Sharad Kale

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Vasospasm and delayed ischemic neurologic deficits are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Several therapeutic agents have been assessed in randomized controlled trials for their efficacy in reducing the incidence of vasospasm and improving functional outcome. The aim of this network meta-analysis is to compare all these therapeutic agents for their effect on functional outcome and other parameters after aSAH. Methods: A comprehensive search of different databases was performed to retrieve randomized controlled trials describing the effect of various therapeutic approaches on functional outcome and other parameters after aSAH. Results: Ninety-two articles were selected for full text review and 57 articles were selected for the final analysis. Nicardipine prolonged-release implants were found to be the best treatment in terms of favorable outcome (odds ratio [OR], 8.55; 95% credible interval [CrI], 1.63–56.71), decreasing mortality (OR, 0.08; 95% CrI, 0–0.82), and preventing angiographic vasospasm (OR, 0.018; 95% CrI, 0.00057–0.16). Cilostazol was found to be the second-best treatment in improving favorable outcomes (OR, 3.58; 95% CrI, 1.97–6.57) and decreasing mortality (OR, 0.41; 95% CrI, 0.12–1.15). Fasudil (OR, 0.16; 95% CrI, 0.03–0.78) was found to be the best treatment in decreasing increased vessel velocity and enoxaparin (OR, 0.25; 95% CrI, 0.057–1.0) in preventing delayed ischemic neurologic deficits. Conclusions: Our analysis showed that nicardipine prolonged-release implants and cilostazol were associated with the best chance of improving favorable outcome and mortality in patients with aSAH. However, larger multicentric studies from other parts of the world are required to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-53
Number of pages13
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume155
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Angiographic vasospasm
  • DIND
  • Mortality
  • Network meta-analysis
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Vasospasm

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