Effects of tissue anisotropy and contrast acoustic properties on myocardial scattering in contrast echocardiography

M. R. Holland, A. E. Finch-Johnston, K. D. Wallace, S. M. Handley, U. M. Wilkenshoff, J. E. Perez, J. G. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In this study we explored the potential effects that tissue anisotropy, in conjunction with the acoustic properties of contrast, may have on quantitative measurements of myocardial perfusion with the use of ultrasonic contrast agents. We used a computer simulation of the parasternal short-axis view, based on previously measured values for the anisotropy of backscatter and attenuation of myocardium, to predict the backscattered energy from 18 specific regions within the heart before and after myocardial contrast perfusion. Results demonstrated a regional variation of contrast enhancement in the short-axis view and variations caused by incremental increases in contrast level for specific myocardial regions. Thus quantitative assessment of myocardial perfusion with contrast echocardiography is influenced by the anisotropic properties of the myocardium, and the resulting postcontrast image will depend on the interaction between tissue properties and contrast acoustic properties. The degree of myocardial enhancement caused by the presence of contrast may depend on the spatial position of the specific region investigated with respect to the transducer and the amount of contrast in the myocardium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-573
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1999


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