Effects of radiation on TNFα-mediated cytolysis of cell lines derived from cervical carcinomas

Thomas J. Herzog, Peter Kim Nelson, David G. Mutch, William D. Wright, Ming Shian Kao, John Leslie Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The effect of radiation, a primary mode of treatment for cervical malignancies, on the tumor necrosis alpha (TNFα)-mediated cytolysis of five cell lines derived from human cervical carcinoma cell lines (C-33 A, ME-180, HT-3, MS751, and SiHa) was analyzed. Results of this analysis showed that all of the cell lines were resistant to the cytolytic effects of TNFα. Although resistant when protein synthesis proceeds normally, ME-180, HT-3, MS751, and SiHa cells were sensitive to TNFα-mediated cytolysis in the presence of protein synthesis inhibitors. The cytolytic response of these cells to radiation was heterogeneous, with C-33 A cells being the most radiosensitive and SiHa cells being the least radiosensitive. The cell lines ME-180, MS751, and HT-3 were intermediate in their sensitivities to radiation. Because radiation is known to inhibit protein synthesis, the ability of radiation to enhance TNFα cytolytic activity was examined. The cell lines with intermediate sensitivities to radiation (ME-180, HT-3, and MS751) demonstrated statistically significant synergistic increases in cytolysis when exposed to TNFα in combination with radiation. Neither the radioresistant SiHa cell line nor the radiosensitive C-33 A cell line displayed increased cytolysis with increasing concentrations of TNFα at any dose of radiation. Possible mechanisms which may explain the synergy in ME-180, HT-3, and MS751 cells and lack of synergy in C-33 A and SiHa cells by TNFα and radiation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-202
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1992


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of radiation on TNFα-mediated cytolysis of cell lines derived from cervical carcinomas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this