Effects of platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor-β1 on the synthesis of a large versican-like chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan by arterial smooth muscle cells

E. Schonherr, H. T. Jarvelainen, L. J. Sandell, T. N. Wight

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Abstract

Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) increase [35S]sulfate incorporation into proteoglycan (PG) by monkey arterial smooth muscle cells but have opposite effects on cell proliferation. The combination of these two growth regulatory peptides has an additive effect on PG synthesis but no effects on cell proliferation. The time course of sulfate incorporation after stimulation indicates that both growth factors cause maximal incorporation of sulfate into glycosaminoglycan chains by 12-18 h. The PG that is most affected is a large CSPG (M(r) ~ 1.2 x 106) which can be immunoprecipitated by an antibody against versican, a large CSPG synthesized by human skin fibroblasts. The hydrodynamic size of this molecule increases after PDGF and TGF-β1 stimulation, but the size of the core glycoprotein (M(r) ~ 450,000) remains the same. Treatment with either growth factor leads to an increase in the amount of core glycoprotein for this PG. This increase correlates with an increase in the steady state level of mRNA identified by hybridization to a cDNA encoding versican. The two growth factors also increase the glycosaminoglycan chain length of this PG accounting for the greater hydrodynamic size of the molecule after stimulation. In contrast, PDGF and not TGF-β1 changes the composition of the glycosaminoglycan chains attached to this PG by doubling the ratio of chondroitin 6-sulfate to chondroitin 4-sulfate. These results indicate that although both of these growth factors increase the net synthesis of a large versican like CSPG, they differ in their effects on the structure of the glycosaminoglycan chains. These post-translational modifications may relate to the growth state of the cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17640-17647
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number26
StatePublished - Nov 7 1991

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