Effects of HA 1077, a novel calciumantagonistic spasmolytic agent on intracerebral arterioles of rats

M. Takayasu, R. G. Dacey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of the new spasmolytic agent HA 1077, which belongs to the calciumantagonists but acts by mechanisms different from those of conventional calcium channel blockers, on the cerebral microcirculation were studied in rats using isolated and cannulated intracerebral (parenchymal) arterioles of 50 μm average diameter. After the vessels had developed spontaneous tone, increasing concentrations of HA 1077 were applied extraluminally. HA 1077 induced vasodilation in a dose-dependent manner with a maximal increase of vessel diameter of 73.9±5.1% (Mean±SEM, n=5) at 10-4M and with half-maximal responses (ED50) of 1.00×10-6M. The extent of maximal vasodilation achieved by HA 1077 was significantly greater than that induced by such conventional calcium channel blockers as diltiazem, verapamil, nifedipine and nimodipine (about 50% each in a previous report from our laboratory). Vasoconstriction induced by synthetic thromboxane A2 (10-9M to 10-5M) which is throught to be highly dependent on intracellular calcium, was completely inhibited by 10-4 M HA 1077, whereas both verapamil and nimodipine at a concentration at maximal vasodilation effects (10-5M and 10-7M respectively) only partially inhibited such vasoconstriction. These results suggest that HA 1077 may exert a more potent vasodilator effect on the cerebral microcirculation than do conventional calcium channel blockers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-70
Number of pages4
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume103
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcium antagonist
  • HA 1077
  • cerebral microcirculation
  • thromboxane A

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