To determine whether estrogen directly affects effective adipose lipolysis, palmitate rate of appearances ([14C]palmitate) was measured in 15 postmenopausal women. Each volunteer was studied after ≥ 2 mo of estrogen treatment and again after ≥ 2 mo of estrogen deficiency. Plasma hormone concentrations were controlled and identical on the 2 study days with use of the pancreatic clamp technique, and the lipolytic response to epinephrine and epinephrine + phentolamine was assessed. Results showed that overall palmitate flux was greater (10-20%, P < 0.05) during the estrogen-deficient than during the estrogen-replete study. Adrenergic stimulation of lipolysis was not specifically influenced by estrogen treatment, and control of plasma hormone concentrations did not eliminate the difference in palmitate flux between the estrogen-deficient and estrogen-replete study days. We conclude that estrogen deficiency is associated with increased plasma free fatty acid availability and that estrogen likely has direct, albeit small, effects on adipose tissue lipolysis.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||6 29-6|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|
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